BitTorrent FAQ Guide
BitTorrent is a p2p system that distributes downloads among peer downloaders. When you are downloading, you are simultaneously uploading the same file to other users.
The actual process of file transferring is decentralized. The Fundamental idea of BitTorrent is that users upload at the same time they are downloading. By doing so network bandwidth is used in an efficient manner.
BitTorrent is designed to work better as the demand to download a specific file increases. Which is in direct contrast to WinMX and other p2p programs queue concept. The more that try to download a bittorrent at the same time the better.
Unlike most other p2p models there is no search function for BitTorrent. To Download a file using bittorrent, you must find .torrent files from a variety of sources. These sources include websites, irc and even emailing torrent files from one person to another.
There are central servers (tracker) which coordinates the action of all peers engaged in downloading. The tracker does not have any knowledge of content of files bittorrent users download, it only manages connections. Allowing a large quantity of downloaders with limited tracker bandwidth usage.
BitTorrent is best understood by analogy. Visualize a group of people (BitTorrent users) sitting around a table (Tracker). Each person at the table can both talk and listen to any other person at the table. These people are each trying to get a complete copy of the book.
Person 1 has pages 1-9, 35-46 and 88-100.
Person 2 has 10,28-35,44-60 and 72
Person 3 has 5-20 32-39, 80-92
Person 4 has 9-27 and 58-73.
Between them, they have every page except 74-87. So each user could continue to complete (Download) the book from each other, each one getting a page from the other, in exchange for a page they do not have. Until a time that another person shows up who has the missing 74-87, or even a person who has the entire book. In which the other users would each gather pages that were missing from the whole to distribute among themselves until every copy was complete.
A user who has the entire "book" would be called a seed. A person with the entire file (seed) is required for the process to begin, but it is possible to have a distributed copy without having any single user possessing a complete copy as other users continue to share their partial long after there are no seeds in a swarm.
It is always good to have a complete copy, but it is not vital.
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